By D. G. Amaral (auth.), Robert Schwarcz, Yehezkel Ben-Ari (eds.)
Human epilepsy is an immense public sickness affecting nearly 2 individuals in step with a thousand. it's rather widespread in ohildren the place convul sions could lead on to mind harm and next seizure task in maturity. Temporal lobe epilepsy (synonyms comprise limbic epilepsy. psychomotor epilepsy and intricate partial epilepsy) is the main devastating type of epilepsy within the grownup inhabitants because: a) it is usually tremendous proof against presently on hand anticonvulsant medications (i.e •• it's extra resistant than tonico-clonic or grand mal seizures) and b) it contains lack of realization. thereby proscribing functionality of many general features and leaving the person prone to physically damage. it's also linked to nerve mobile loss. particularly within the hippocampus and different buildings of the temporal lobes. so as to advertise a suitable treatment it really is necessary to comprehend the etiology of seizures and its dating to mind harm. uncomplicated study on epilepsy additionally presents a truly priceless automobile to benefit concerning the means the mind features less than common stipulations. for example. a lot of our current knowing of the mechanisms of motion of GABA and benzo diazepines. keep an eye on of neuronal task. and so forth. has been derived from such stUdies.
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1982a; R: Veening. 1978; Beckstead. 1979; Ottersen. 1982). the pyriform cortex (M: Van Hoesen. 1981; C: Wakefield. 1980; Russchen. 1982a; R: Veening. 1978; Ottersen. 1982; Luskin and Price. 1983) and the hippocampal formation (M: Rosene and Van Hoesen. 1977; Van Hoesen. 1981; C: Russchen. 1982a; R: Veening. 1978; Ottersen. 1982). In Fig. 1. the cortical areas projecting to the amygdala in the monkey. cat and rat are indicated on medial and lateral views of the brains of these animals. The arrows in this figure indicate the direction of the flow of sensory information for the various modalities towards cortical areas which project to the amygdala.
Ed •• Elsevier/North-Holland. p. 19. Beckstead. M •• 1978. Afferent connections of the entorhinal area in the rat as demonstrated by retrograde cell-labeling with horseradish peroxidase. Brain Res •• 152:249. Beckstead. M •• 1979. An autoradiographic examination of corticocortical and subcortical projections of the mediodorsal projection (prefrontal) cortex in the rat. J. Camp, Neurol •• 184:43. Beckstead. M •• and Domesick. B •• and Nauta. H •• 1979. Efferent connections of the sUbstantia nigra and ventral tegmental area in the rat.
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