By John M. G. Barclay, John Philip McMurdo Sweet
The topic is the continuity and discontinuity among early Christianity and its Jewish mum or dad. The formation of Christian concept is presently the focal point of a lot debate. those essays disguise the old and social context of Palestine and the Diaspora; the recent testomony canon and noncanonical writings; and critical topics. The concise remedies, with bibliographies, of intensely topical questions through overseas specialists should be of curiosity and cost to lecturers and undergraduate scholars of the recent testomony and Christian origins.
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Extra info for Early Christian Thought in its Jewish Context
Here the so-called Gi:ittingen School should especially be mentioned. Nevertheless, the axioms of the later research are based on assumptions and conceptions growing out of earlier research. It is not possible to give a detailed review of the influences here,IM but some notes should be made. In addition to the axiom that the texts of the Hebrew Bible have been regarded as authoritative and holy already since their early transmission, the following factors seem to have contributed to the conceptions in literary-critical approaches: l) The so-called Erganzungshypothese (supplementary hypothesis), 2) the attempt to identify even the smallest addition, 3) and to place each one of them into a closely defined chronological order on the basis of a certain evolutionary conception, 4) the assumption that all the pieces of the puzzle are present in the available texts, 5) the idea that the texts can be seen as part of the same continuum with the later Jewish and Christian interpretation of their holy texts, 6) and the partial text-critical evidence from some books of the Hebrew Bible.
For a more detailed discussion on First Esdras and Esther, see chapters IX and X. 83 Some isolated voices, such as Monon Smith, Palestinian Parties and Politics That Shaped the Old Testament (New York and London: Columbia University Press, 1971), 3-5, have called for taking all the evidence from the Hebrew scriptures into consideration when forming a model as to how the texts developed, but they have not received adequate scholarly attention. " Earlier Research 31 an almost categorical rejection of omissions in the introductions to the Hebrew Bible and methodological textbooks that have appeared since the 1970s.
In concrete terms, on the basis of the prevalence of the rewritten texts, one may not exclude the possibility that books such as Deuteronomy could also have, at least potentially, experienced stages of transmission where the technique of rewriting was applied. For example, Jubilees is commonly characterized as a rewritten version of Genesis and Exodus. 156 When we look at the literary development of Jubilees and examine its earlier literary phases including those in Genesis and Exodus, one receives the following picture: After being collected from various sources (J, E and P) its text was transmitted in Genesis and Exodus by successive redactors, who made repeated additions and other changes.