Download [Dissertation] A Grammar of Iñupiaq Morphosyntax by Linda A. lanz PDF

By Linda A. lanz

This dissertation offers a reference grammar of the Malimiut Coastal dialect of Inupiaq (Eskimo-Aleut > Eskimo > Inuit), an Eskimo-Aleut language spoken in northwestern Alaska (ISO codes ESK, IPK). sometimes called Inupiatun, it's the language of the Inupiat humans. The dissertation enhances current documentation of Inupiaq, filling gaps in our present knowing of Inupiaq. the information offered in dissertation is the results of 5 years of study, fieldwork and research. the purpose is to give a contribution to complete documentation of the Inupiaq language, with specific specialize in morphosyntax. With nearly 2000 closing audio system, mostly above 50 years of age, Inupiaq is endangered. in the Inupiat group there's a powerful dedication to language documentation and revitalization, pushed via teams similar to the Alaska local Language middle and native tuition districts. the present paintings goals to supply a finished description of the morphosyntax of the language to the Inupiat and educational groups. It makes use of the traditional Inupiaq writing approach (a converted Latin script) to make it available to the Inupiat group, in addition to to permit for less complicated comparability with latest texts. Examples also are glossed in IPA for ease of use via linguists and different events. After supplying an advent to the language and reviewing prior paintings, the dissertation describes Malimiut Inupiaq phonetics and phonology, nominal and verbal morphology, syntactic different types, wordhood, constituency, and syntax. a last bankruptcy is dedicated to discussing significant findings. those comprise a formerly undocumented phonological switch in development, the plain shift of /.../ (Inupiaq 'r') to the yankee English /.../ in more youthful audio system and historical past beginners. I argue that this has numerous interrelated explanations, together with age, Inupiaq literacy, declining Inupiaq utilization, and the impression of English. The dissertation additionally files case stacking in Inupiaq demonstrative adverbs and demonstrative pronouns, a phenomenon wherein those phrases are marked with grammatical case two times. even though the method works in a different way for demonstrative adverbs and for demonstrative pronouns, either convey this double case marking, that is formerly undocumented in Eskimo-Aleut. The lifestyles of case stacking on adverbs is a very fascinating discovery, since it demanding situations at present authorized theories of case stacking that inspire case stacking through argument constitution. As adverbs will not be part of argument constitution, it indicates one other mechanism for a number of case stacking needs to be valuable. even if japanese participants of the Inuit dialect chain were even more generally documented, many components of Inupiaq grammar stay undocumented. This dissertation is the 1st to debate a couple of morphosyntactic subject matters in particular for Inupiaq, together with argument prestige, clause-level and sentence-level constituency, forms of predication, wordhood (phonological vs. morphological vs. syntactic), and clause combining. What arises out of exploring lots of those subject matters is that there's a actual have to separate morphology and syntax in Malimiut Inupiaq. It has frequently been assumed that simply because Inuit languages have so greatly morphology — over four hundred derivational suffixes by myself — that morphology and syntax are one and an identical in those languages. despite the fact that, clause combining and constituency — between different phenomena - display that only syntactic phenomena exist within the language.

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Example (21) contrasts with (22), where Picasso may refer, for example, to ‘a (probably) small bust’ or to ‘a statuette’ of Picasso as a result of a single metonymic mapping. We note also that these contrasting interpretations are reflected in grammatical structure by the presence of the indefinite article in (21) and its absence in (22). A different form of double metonymic mapping is illustrated by one interpretation of example (23) below: (23) Shakespeare is on the top shelf. ’ On another interpretation, Shakespeare might refer to ‘a (probably) small bust’ or to ‘a statuette’ of Shakespeare.

In the first metonymy, the person’s lively behavior is seen as a consequence (and therefore, as a subdomain) of the person’s having life and soul; in the second metonymy, the resultant entertainment of others is seen as a consequence (then, a subdomain) of the person’s lively behavior. To conclude this section, we observe that in all the patterns of interaction between metaphor and metonymy that we have described, metonymy plays a subsidiary role to the extent that the interactional process has a metaphoric base.

E. stage (ii) of the shopping scenario, whereas in Japanese the same pragmatic function is achieved by means of a question about the existence of the article. The authors demonstrate that politeness factors may actually cut across the typological properties of languages. ) whereas in other have-languages, such as Lithuanian and Croatian, this wording would not be considered inappropriate; analogously in a be-language like Hungarian the literal translation of the above would be infelicitous whereas in Japanese a direct reference to the requested transfer would not sound offensive if it is used in combination with deference markers.

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