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By Seth W Snyder, James H Clark, George Kraus, Gene Petersen, Cristina Negri, Thaddeus Ezeji, Nasib Qureshi, Kim Magrini, Saurav Datta, Steven Peretti, Yanna Liang, YuPo Lin, Richard I Masel, Jennifer Dunn, Fengqi You, Robert E Kozak, Lara Dammer, Damian Bla

Biobased items provide significant financial and environmental merits, yet knowing the best way to commercialize this calls for a accomplished examine the method, together with feedstocks, applied sciences, product slate, provide chain, coverage, financing, and environmental impact.

Covering biobased items in a huge context, this e-book examines the environmental and monetary affects, compares US and ecu regulations, explores the standards affecting financing, and considers organic conversion, catalytic conversion, and separations.

By studying the method from numerous serious views within the offer chain, this booklet offers chemical engineers with a greater figuring out of demanding situations, possibilities, hazards, and advantages of commercialization.

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The alfin catalysts, J. Am. Chem. , 1947, 69(4), 950–961. 16. pdf. 17. Catalytic Process Development for Renewable Materials, ed. P. Imhof and J. Kees van der Waal, Wiley Press, May, 2013. 18. gov/iag/tgs/iag113. htm#workforce – 36,530. 19. S. 102. 20. G. Petersen, D. Viviani, K. Magrini-Bair, S. Kelley, L. Moens, P. Shepherd and D. DuBois, Non-Governmental Valorization of Carbon Dioxide, Sci. , 2005, 338, 159–182. 21. gov/eere/bioenergy/ research-development-demonstration-and-deployment. 22. gov/is/AR/archive/apr02/indus0402.

Gov/is/AR/archive/apr02/indus0402. pf ¼ 1. 23. E. de Jong, A. Higson, P. Walsh, M. com/publications/biobased-chemicals-value-added-products-from-biorefineries/. CHAPTER 3 Bioenergy Crops: Delivering More Than Energy M. 1 The Context As world population is projected to increase by 2 billion humans between 2011 and 2050 and reach over 9 billion people globally,1 and as dietary aspirations improve worldwide, the challenge of sustainably providing food, feed, shelter, fiber and ecosystem services for all is one of the greatest of this century.

43 Commercializing Biobased Products: Opportunities, Challenges, Benefits, and Risks Edited by Seth W. org 25 26 Chapter 3 Conservation of soil, water, biodiversity and wildlife is essential to the provisioning of ecosystem services, both at the local scale and globally. There is a need to protect grasslands, wetlands, forests and other conservationrelevant areas from threats from urbanization, agricultural pressure and pollution. 7–9 To meet productivity and conservation targets, a number of strategies have been proposed, including boosting crop yields, changing dietary targets, controlling population growth, increasing aquaculture production, adopting conservation agriculture techniques such as cover crops, precision agriculture, double cropping, etc.

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