By Chirag Shah
Today’s complicated, information-intensive difficulties usually require humans to interact. commonly those projects pass a long way past easily looking jointly; they comprise info search for, sharing, synthesis, and decision-making. furthermore, all of them have an end-goal that's at the same time precious to all events concerned. Such “collaborative details looking” (CIS) initiatives generally final a number of periods and the individuals all percentage an goal to give a contribution and profit. no longer strangely, those tactics are hugely interactive.
Shah specializes in separately well-understood notions: collaboration and data looking, with the objective of bringing them jointly to teach the way it is a usual tendency for people to interact on complicated initiatives. the 1st a part of his booklet introduces the overall notions of collaboration and data looking, in addition to comparable recommendations, terminology, and frameworks; and hence offers the reader with a complete remedy of the options underlying CIS. the second one a part of the ebook information CIS as a standalone area. a chain of frameworks, theories, and versions are brought to supply a conceptual foundation for CIS. the ultimate half describes numerous structures and functions of CIS, in addition to their broader implications on different fields similar to computer-supported cooperative paintings (CSCW) and human-computer interplay (HCI).
With this primary finished evaluation of a thrilling new study box, Shah can provide to graduate scholars and researchers in academia and an encompassing description of the applied sciences concerned, state of the art effects, and open demanding situations in addition to study opportunities.
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Extra info for Collaborative Information Seeking: The Art and Science of Making the Whole Greater than the Sum of All
They engage in a process through which they can go beyond their own individual expertise and vision by constructively exploring their differences and searching for common solutions. In contrast to cooperation, collaboration involves creating a solution that is more than merely the sum of each party’s contribution. The authority in such a process is vested in the collaboration rather than in an individual entity. For instance, Mark walks up to a reference librarian, Carol, in a public library. He is studying 20th century American poets and trying to find all the material that could be relevant.
However, due to asynchronous and unidirectional interactive nature of these systems, they do not fulfill the requirements for CIS that is of interest here. An example of this can be found in the work by Klink , where a method for improving the original query by an automatic reformulation method is proposed. 5 Collaborative Filtering 35 dence learned from the documents given by the feedback of the actual or of the other users. Here, there is no direct interaction among the users of the system to carry out a common goal.
The efforts of connecting multiple users for information seeking (retrieval or browsing) continue to produce systems either by reinventing the wheel of traditional IR, or by extending existing IR systems to accommodate more than one user. None of these systems have been adopted widely in practice. Several reasons can be found for the lack of wider visibility of collaborative systems, among which are the cognitive load involved in using these systems, the learning curve to start using these environments, and the lack of proper integration of information seeking to other parts of the collaboration.