By The Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy
In keeping with the UN-sponsored Intergovernmental Panel on weather swap, present worldwide alterations in weather are 90-95% more likely to were triggered, not less than partly, by way of human task. This difficult research of the present worldwide weather fight indicates 3 classes of worthwhile motion for fixing the weather challenge and demonstrates their viability: edition to the replaced weather, choice of around the globe techniques for mitigation till 2050, and an across the world coordinated attempt to enforce those rules. A hugely readable and available addition to weather procedure and coverage, this quantity offers a refreshingly leading edge examine present international weather tasks.
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Extra resources for Climate Strategy: Between Ambition and Realism (WRR Webpublicaties)
If Germany were to raise its dykes further, contrary to current international agreements, the norm discharge rate in the Netherlands could be increased further. A changing climate could prompt such a move. The Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM 2004: 80) has highlighted the selective way in which new knowledge is used: knowledge which indicates a reduction in base levels tends to find its way into policy more readily than, say, knowledge which suggests greater uncertainties or a higher base level than first assumed.
In reality this means that recourse is sought to the usual administrative influence of central government. All in all, the responsible ministers consider these options to be insufficient. The Advisory Committee on Water Management Legislation (Commissie van Advies inzake de Waterstaatwetgeving) was recently asked to assess the applicability of these statutory instruments for large-scale physical planning exercises in relation to the anticipated discharge from the major rivers. According to the Committee, there is no need to develop new legislation for water management and the new Spatial Planning Act (Wet ruimtelijke ordening, WRO) could in time prove to be effective for the creation of protected zones, buffer zones and areas reserved for wet landscape functions (Van Buuren and Laninga-Busch 2005).
The cumulative emissions in 2050 will be 100% higher than today, whereas the 2°C target set by the EU requires an emission pathway which, after initially rising, ends up around 30% lower than today in 2050. Translated into an emissions budget, this implies a cumulative emission reduction challenge of approximately 175 GtC in the period up to 2050 (Pacala and Socolow 2004a; 2004b; Hawkins and Williams 2005; Stokes et al. 2004; IPCC 2001). 3 Route 1: greater energy efficiency Without improvements in energy efficiency, population growth and rising prosperity will inevitably lead to a virtually proportionate growth in energy consumption, which with the present energy system will mean a virtually proportionate increase in emissions.