By David Spratt
Revealing vast clinical facts that the worldwide warming concern is much worse than formally indicated, this meticulously documented call-to-action argues that the planet is sort of on the element of no go back. From huge ice sheets disintegrating and devastating losses of species to the promise that sea degrees will upward push greater than sixteen ft this century, this learn exhibits that it's not a case of ways even more will be “safely” emitted yet even if emissions should be stopped thoroughly earlier than the Earth’s weather is past human recovery. Demonstrating that those imperatives are incompatible with politics and a "business as ordinary" perspective, this survey illustrates how the surroundings faces a sustainability emergency that urgently calls for a transparent holiday from failure-inducing compromise.
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Extra resources for CLIMATE CODE RED the case for emergency action
5 to 1 watts per square meter. This planetary energy imbalance is sufficient to melt ice corresponding to 1 meter of sea-level rise per decade, if the extra energy were used entirely for that purpose — and the energy imbalance could double if emissions keep growing. So where is the extra energy going? A small part of it is warming the atmosphere and thus contributing to one key feedback on the ice sheets: the 'albedo flip' that occurs when snow and ice begin to melt. Snow-covered ice reflects back to space most of the sunlight striking it, but as warming air causes melting on the surface, the darker ice absorbs much more solar energy.
One-quarter of Bangladesh's population (~35 million people) lives within the coastal floodplain. Many of the world's major cities (22 of the top 50) are at risk of flooding from coastal surges, including Tokyo, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Mumbai, Kolkata, Karachi, Buenos Aires, St Petersburg, New York, Miami and London. In almost every case, the city relies on costly flood defences for protection. Even if protected, these cities would lie below sea level with a residual risk of flooding like New Orleans today.
Russian Arctic climate researcher Sergei Zimov frames the gravity of the situation well: 'Permafrost areas hold 500 billion tonnes of carbon, which can fast turn into greenhouse gases ... The deposits of organic matter in these soils are so gigantic that they dwarf global oil reserves ... If you don't stop emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere ... ' The ocean carbon-cycle feedback is also a significant slow-feedback contributor. Part of the decline in sink capacity comes from a decrease of up to 30 per cent in the efficiency of the Southern Ocean sink over the last 20 years.