By J. Vogler
John Vogler examines the overseas politics of weather switch, with a spotlight at the United countries Framework conference (UNFCCC). He considers how the foreign procedure treats the matter of weather switch, analysing the ways that this has been outlined via the overseas neighborhood and the pursuits and alignments of kingdom governments.
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Economic orthodoxy and the prevailing view of trade specialists at the WTO is that there is no necessary relationship between trade expansion and environmental degradation, as long as the environmental externalities of production are factored into prices charged. The typical framing of the climate problem is that free trade and the protection of the physical environment go hand in hand. ‘In the (1995) Marrakesh Agreement establishing the WTO, members established a clear link between sustainable development and disciplined trade liberalization’ (WTO, 2013).
Constructions can exist independently of interests and have played a significant part in setting up a fragmented institutional architecture which is surprisingly resistant to change. It is within this setting that national and 34 Climate Change in World Politics organisational interests are pursued and defended. Max Weber, writing in 1913, described the position as well as anyone: Not ideas, but material and ideal interests, directly govern men’s conduct. Yet very frequently the ‘world images’ that have been created by ‘ideas’ have, like switchmen, determined the tracks along which action has been pushed by the dynamic of interests.
In the EU, for example, long-range plans to decarbonise and set ambitious GHG reduction targets have been destabilised by energy price movements that undercut the assumptions of renewables policy and weaken its Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) (Keating, 2015). The relationship between energy and climate is of primary significance, but it is a connection imperfectly made by policymakers and in the international institutional architecture of the International Energy Agency (IEA) and other bodies. The regime complex for global energy governance, insofar as it exists, is both fragmented and fundamentally oriented towards security of supply rather than sustainability.