By Jon Barnett
Small Island constructing States are usually depicted as being one of the so much susceptible of all areas to the consequences of weather switch, and they're a reason c?l?bre of many fascinated about weather technology, politics and the media. but whereas small island constructing states are a lot mentioned, the creation of either medical wisdom and regulations to guard the rights of those countries and their humans has been remarkably sluggish. This ebook is the 1st to use a severe method of weather switch technological know-how and coverage tactics within the South Pacific area. It exhibits how teams inside of politically and scientifically strong nations acceptable the problem of island vulnerability in ways in which don't do justice to the lives of island humans. It argues that the ways that islands and their population are represented in weather technological know-how and politics seldom results in significant responses to help them to conform to weather swap. all through, the authors specialise in the hitherto mostly missed social affects of weather swap, and exhibit that version and mitigation guidelines can't be powerful with out figuring out the social structures and values of island societies.
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Extra resources for Climate Change and Small Island States: Power, Knowledge and the South Pacific (Earthscan Climate)
The yavu also stands as the core of one’s family identity and connection with place, a fundamental relationship in many Pacific Island communities. The yavu also has a political role: the higher one’s status, the higher the house mound within the village. From these perspectives, then, the yavu is probably an incidental adaptation that does help keep people and their possessions above water during flood events, but this function of the yavu cannot be understood independently from its social and cultural meaning.
The region is also exposed to a number of biological hazards, which may be affected by climate. Foremost among these are vector-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue fever. Malaria is endemic in Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea, while episodes of dengue fever are experienced periodically in most parts of the region. Incidences of ciguatera fish poisoning, caused by biomagnification of marine toxins in reef fish, increase during periods of higher sea-surface temperatures (Hales et al, 1999).
Coral reefs are exposed to bleaching events. Most major settlements are on the coast and exposed to storm damage and sea-level rise. Because of size few areas are not exposed to tropical cyclones, which cause most damage in coastal areas and catchments. Streams and rivers are subject to flash flooding. Most islands are exposed to drought. Barrier reefs may ameliorate storm surge and tsunami. Coastal areas are the most densely populated and exposed to storm damage and sea-level rise. Localized freshwater scarcity is possible in dry spells.