By Krishna B. Misra (auth.), Prof. K. B. Misra (eds.)
This booklet offers a holistic view of purifier construction comprising the techniques of environmental security, functionality requirement and financial ideas of producing. The 31 chapters, written via well-known specialists of their fields, are equipped into 6 sections overlaying sustainable improvement within the twenty first century, basics of purifier construction, functionality views, environmental views, monetary views, functionality evaluation and destiny options. chosen case reports can assist the pro to use cleanser construction applied sciences in his or her practice.
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Additional info for Clean Production: Environmental and Economic Perspectives
3 Air Pollution Air sustains life. Fresh and clean air is necessary for healthy life. An average healthy person requires roughly 14 kgs of air every day. But increasing emissions from industries and vehicles have adversely affected the quality of air that all the living beings on Earth inhale. Nearly 261 atmospheric pollutants have been identified which may be classified either as gases or particulates. Gaseous air pollutants include nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulphur dioxides (S02), hydrogen sulphides, hydrochloric acid, hydroflouric acid, chlorine ions, fluorides, chlorides, carbon mono-oxide, hydrocarbons and various organic vapours.
It is the lungs that directly get affected the most by air pollution. The effect of air pollution in human beings is directly discernible by the colour of the lungs, which in case of country-dwellers is pink ( if they do not smoke) whereas those of city-dwellers is greyish in colour. , Denmark, Sweden, New Zealand and Japan. For example, between 1982 and 1991, the incidence of asthma rose by 56 per cent in America below the age of 18 with an average of 36 per cent for several population. There are other parts of the body as well that get affected by air pollutants.
But it does not lessen the magnitude and importance of the problem. 2 Ground Water Pollution A few decades ago, ground water was thought to be pristine source of freshwater. However, the seepage of toxic chemicals into ground water is one of the most devastating of recent environmental calamities. Much of this contamination resulted from improper disposal of chemical wastes into landfills. S. are contaminated. Ground water can be highly polluted due to fertilizers and pesticides used in agriculture.