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By Jiahua Pan

This booklet appears into the expanding clash among the call for of financial development and the already fragile ecological method situation in China. The lengthy urbanization strategy has escalated the erosion of normal environments and is expanding strength intake. China’s function as a “world plant” is usually hard progressively more source provide in addition to strength intake. This e-book argues that to properly reply to those rising matters, except upgrading and improves environmental safety ideas, China must identify an “ecological civilization” that offers an ideological foundation for the development of a eco-friendly low-carbon version of monetary growth.

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Extra resources for China's Environmental Governing and Ecological Civilization

Sample text

The resource and environmental capacity of the planet Earth is limited; in other words, the ecological supply is limited. If the demand for ecological service exceeds the supply capacity of ecosystems on the Earth, ecological degradation is inevitable, and the beauty of nature will be damaged. To build a Beautiful China, it is necessary to balance population, resource, and environment, harmonize economic benefits and social and ecological benefits, and respect, accommodate, and protect nature according to the shared values and principles of ecological civilization.

These ecological migration projects are closely related to environmental and climate change. In fact, the ecological migration organized by local governments in many parts of China is active and planned adaptation to environmental and climate change. It is apparent that ecological migration shows remarkable regional differences. Ecological is more typical and common in regions with poor geographic and climate conditions, fragile ecological environment, and low population carrying capacity. According to studies on poverty in China, resource scarcity, bad ecological environment, and natural disasters are main causes of poverty.

The supply of ecosystems is subject to natural capacity constraint despite the fact that ecosystems’ carrying capacity can, to some extent, be increased through investments and technical interventions. However, the natural capacity itself cannot be fundamentally changed. Ecological footprint is different, and it examines the demand of human consumption for ecosystems. For example, the ecological footprint of human food consumption depends on the contents of consumption. Grain production needs certain size of arable land; if the consumption is animalbased food such as beef and lamb, it needs more land and has bigger ecological footprint than grain production.

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