By Michael Tanangkingsing
Past grammars of Cebuano have regularly defined the language in formal phrases with no a lot recognition paid on genuine utilization. To fill this hole, this useful reference grammar of Cebuano in keeping with the particular spoken language departs from the normal emphasis on phonological, morphological, and phrasal description hired in so much earlier or even in fresh reference grammars and conducts analyses on the clausal and discourse degrees to raised replicate the varieties and capabilities of the language in genuine use. It additionally describes contemporary study findings on Cebuano grammar, specially fix association and grammatical constituency, transitivity, reference monitoring, and debris and discourse marking, as those represent a vital a part of the grammar of Cebuano. This reference grammar comes in handy to linguists, in addition to to local audio system and scholars of Cebuano alike. For linguists, the wealthy facts supply fabric for linguistic comparisons. For local audio system, this reference presents one other standpoint for appreciating their mom tongue. for college students, the examples and causes give you the occasions and contexts for correct use of the language.
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Extra resources for Cebuano. A Functional Reference Grammar of Cebuano
In Chapter 17, I investigate the argument structure of various 17 types of verbs. In Chapter 18, I examine inter-clausal organization, which includes referential tracking and semantic transitivity, where I apply the parameters proposed by Nolasco (2005, 2006, based on Hopper and Thompson 1981) on Cebuano. an, a particle easily ignored and overlooked but has proven to be a useful and important device in carrying out a conversation in the Cebuano language. " It has to be examined if we are to understand how speakers manipulate the linguistic resources available to them.
Moreover, almost half a century has passed and a new reference grammar of Cebuano is needed, since "the language has changed much," as Wolff himself remarked (pers. ). In 1972, he published A Dictionary of Cebuano Visayan, an exhaustive and scholarly work with entries that include acronyms, idiomatic expressions, euphemisms, slangs, abbreviations and loan words from English, and it remains until today a rich source of data for students of Cebuano. In the introduction section, Wolff indicates no intention of prescribing the correct forms of Cebuano, but to describe the language as it was used by the speech community at that time.
On dira? NOM 'Sometimes he has that Taiwanese (character), but I'm used to it. ' (41b) pag(ka)- nominalized clause: NPs take basic case markers pagka-retoke ni Dr. Cruz sa iya-ng nawong pagka-retoke ni Dr. POSS-LK face *ang *ang NP NP ANG 'the operation by Dr. ' These pag(ka)- nominalized arguments can further serve as complements of matrix verbs that serve to modify the action denoted by the nominalized verbs, as in the examples from (42) to (44). The case marker sa now functions as a complementizer and may be further omitted, especially since there is Actor control over the complement, as in (45).