By Daniel A. Sabatier
Even if loeal governments have ordinarily exereised virtually unique regula tory eontrol over land improvement inside of their jurisdictions, in the course of the Nineteen Seventies nation governments started to amass eonsiderablc authority over loeal land use deeisions. reviews of the implementation of those new courses, although, have more often than not had the drawbacks of no longer being built-in into theoretieal litera tures within the soeial seien ces and being affected by titanic mcthodologieal prob lems. at the foundation of a overview of literatures on poliey making by means of regulatory ageneies, the implementation of federal soeialldistributive courses, and the situational variables affecting ageney habit, during this learn we strengthen a basic eoneeptual framework of the implementation proeess of regulatory statutes. The framework is then utilized to the implementation of 1 of the extra novel and eomprehensive state-levclland use statutes, the California Coastal region Conser vati on Act of 1972. during this venture we reeeived eonsiderable assistanee within the layout level and later in overview of initial drafts of our file from aNational Advisory Committee eomposed of folks actively fascinated with the implementation ofland use poliey, representatives of teams plagued by land use legislation, and seholars within the box. For serving at the eommittee we're indebted to James Carroll, California Couneil for Environmental and Eeonomie stability; Paul Culhane, division of Politieal Seience, U niversity of Houston; supply Dehart, workplace of Coastal area administration, Washington, D. C.
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Extra info for Can Regulation Work?: The Implementation of the 1972 California Coastal Initiative
30. Peter Woll, Ameriean Bureaueraey (New York: W. W. Norton, 1963), pp. 36-·+0. 31. , Land Use Contral, chap. 5; Kneisel, Economic Impacts of Land Use Contrals, passim. 32. Healy, State Land Use Contrals, chaps. : Conservati on Foundation, 1976); Ted Lauf, "Shoreland Regulation in Wisconsin," Coastal Zone Management Journal 2 (1975), pp. : University ofWisconsin Press, 1981); Daniel Mandelker, Enviranmental and Land Contrals Legislation (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 19(6), chaps. 6-8; Joseph lIeikoff, Coastal Resourees Management (Ann Arbor, Mich: Ann Arbor Science, 1977).
6 The demands on coastal resources created by this growing population in Orange and the other 14 coastal counties created considerable unease among environmental groups, planners, civic associations such as the League ofWomen Voters, legislators, and many other people, both among political elites and among the general public. 7 There were, however, limits to what could be done. Population growth in coastal counties and the resultant press ures to develop along the coast could not easily be reversed.
Nina Cornell, Roger NolI, and Barry Weingast, "Safety Regulation," in Setting National Priorities: The Next Ten Years, ed. : Brookings Institution, 1976), pp. 464-476. 6. F or example, the partieulate emissions from a coal-burning e1ectrical utility or a steel mill impose costs on adjacent residents. But these costs are not reflected in the price the company charges its eustomers because the air is treated as a "public good," and it is extremely difficult in a court of law Eor individual property owners to relate emissions Erom a specific source to specific costs to them.