By John Vivian
John Vivian tells you every little thing you want to understand to construct your personal stone partitions from begin to end. He covers every thing from easy apparatus and fabrics to construction maintaining partitions, construction in gates and stiles, relocating boulders, and utilizing lower-quality stone. transparent, exact drawings convey precisely what to do and the way to prevent problems.
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Alternate rows of squarish blocks and thin slabs, placing a support block wherever the slabs in the course above happen to meet. The height and length of openings in the block courses should be gauged by the purpose of the fence. Courses one foot high will keep in grown sheep. High walls will contain cattle or horses. No stone wall on earth less than ten feet high can keep in goats (or small children), or keep deer out. Retaining walls to hold earth banks, to 54 Retaining Wall (mortared) Retaining walls should have a backward slope.
46 On the next course reverse the patternthat is, in course #1. you tie in from right, then left. Then, beginning to build from the same end, in course #2 you start on the left side, then tie in from the right, left, right, and so on. Save your squarest rocks for ends and Save Best Rocks corners and use the flattest for the top. Try to make the top course all good flats, and, as always, the bigger the better. With rounded rubble under them the top stones are particularly apt to be dislodged. For this reason a good many rubble-filled walls are built with the top courses having two parallel, distinct sides, each dipping slightly down and in toward the center.
A ramp of planks, well supported with rock or stout posts, can serve to get the bigger stones up onto the wall. Just be sure that you have measured the available space and have done any needed trimming before moving the stone onto the wall. A dozen trips with the yardstick beat one round trip with a big stone because it failed to fit the first time. 44 Using Not-80-Good Stone To this point, we've assumed you will be working mostly with good flat and squareended stones. I hope you are so fortunate.