Download Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental by Carlo Carraro, Gilbert E. Metcalf PDF

By Carlo Carraro, Gilbert E. Metcalf

Most folks could agree that it is smart to tax a firm that pollutes in a manner that at once displays the volume of environmental and social harm it has performed. but in perform, such taxes are fraught with trouble and feature far-reaching implications. a firm dealing with a brand new tax might lay off employees, for instance, exacerbating an unemployment challenge. This quantity makes a speciality of such exterior concerns and examines intimately the trade-offs enthusiastic about designing rules to house environmental difficulties. Reflecting the huge nature of the topic, the members comprise best economists within the components of public finance, commercial association, and alternate concept, in addition to environmental economists. Integrating either theoretical and empirical tools, they research environmental coverage layout because it pertains to position judgements, compliance charges, administrative expenditures, results on examine and improvement, and foreign issue activities. laying off gentle on a very complicated and critical subject, this assortment can be of curiosity to all these concerned with designing potent environmental coverage.

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And Roberton Williams. 1999. The usual excess-burden approximation usually doesn’t come close. Stanford University. Mimeo. Hahn, Robert. 1989. Economic prescriptions for environmental problems: How the patient followed the doctor’s orders. Journal of Economic Perspectives 3: 95–114. , and Ada S. Rousso. 1991. Federal environmental taxation. In 38 Don Fullerton, Inkee Hong, and Gilbert E. Metcalf Proceedings of the eighty-third annual conference of the National Tax Association, ed. Frederick D.

1983. Gas treating with chemical solvents. New York: Wiley. Barthold, Thomas A. 1994. Issues in the design of environmental excise taxes. Journal of Economic Perspectives 8:133–51. Bovenberg, A. Lans, and Ruud de Mooij. 1994. Environmental levies and distortionary taxation. American Economic Review 84:1085–89. Bovenberg, A. Lans, and Lawrence H. Goulder. 1996. Optimal environmental taxation in the presence of other taxes: General equilibrium analyses. American Economic Review 86:985–1000. Bovenberg, A.

The change in the output tax provides no substitution effect in production. Second, the first term in the denominator must be positive to ensure that the government is on the upward-sloping side of the Laffer curve for wage taxation. We will assume that this is always the case. 15 We will also assume that this condition holds throughout. Third, note that the formula simplifies considerably with no preexisting taxes: 13. We normalize the initial producer price of Y to be 1, for any given emissions tax.

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