By Josef Seifert
In an enlightening discussion with Descartes, Kant, Husserl and Gadamer, Professor Seifert argues that the unique idea of phenomenology used to be not anything except the primordial perception of philosophy itself, the root of philosophia perennis. His radical rethinking of the phenomenological approach ends up in a common, objectivist philosophy in direct continuity with Plato, Aristotle and Augustine.
In order to validate the classical declare to grasp self reliant being, the writer defends Husserl's methodological precept "Back to objects themselves" from empiricist and idealist critics, together with the later Husserl, and replies to the arguments of Kant which try to discredit the knowability of items in themselves.
Originally released in 1982, this ebook culminates in a phenomenological and demanding unfolding of the Augustinian cogito, as giving entry to immutable fact approximately priceless essences and the genuine life of private being.
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Additional resources for Back to 'Things in Themselves': A Phenomenological Foundation for Classical Realism
While other participants in the dialogue take such a knowledge for granted, Socrates unmasks as an illusion their thoughtless pretensions to possess already the knowledge of the essence of the things they profess to know. He shows that the definitions they offer of virtue (Meno, Gorgias. Republic), ofknowledge-episteme (Theaete(us), etc. contradict the true nature of these things. ' Socrates has often been called - by Michael Landmann, for instance - a proto-phenomenologist, precisely because he spends much time on unravelling the contradictions and misconceptions which frequently result from not returning to the proper understanding of what things themselves are.
Thus analysis of linguistic meanings and usages of terms has the critical task of uncovering linguistically motivated confusions and errors. 16. On the other hand, language and the distinctions it suggests may constitute a positive inspiration for the philosophical exploration of the given. These two aspects of the use of linguistic analysis should be explained, at least briefly. In order to avoid the philosophical errors and confusions which either result from the use of linguistic expressions the different meanings of which remain undistinguished or which employ equivocal terms in the defense of erroneous or confused theses, the phenomenologist must also be a linguistic analyst.
Take, for example, the study of the difference in meaning of three related Latin terms in the service of a philosophy of permission and in the service of the same type of phenomenological analysis which Husserl conducted in the Logical Investigations, and A. Piander in his Logik: they distinguished thought as the activity of thinking (psychic datum of thinking), thought as the result or objectified expression of this activity, with which logic is concerned and which has a universal character, and in regard to which we discover ideal necessary structures quite distinct from the psychological acts of thinking, and, finally, 'thought' in the sense of that which is thought about - the states of affairs and objects to which our thought refers.