By John B. Wolf
Traditionally, terrorist bands working in rural or city components use vio lence to solid themselves as a valid political strength. Necklacing, plac ing an oil-soaked tire round the neck of an informer after which igniting it, and knee-capping, positioning a handgun at the back of the kneecap of a "tout" (a police informer) after which squeezing the set off, are one of the enforcement equipment utilized by clandestine teams to manage "revo lutionary justice." Necklacing is utilized by the African nationwide Con gress (A.N.C.). Knee-capping is a standard Irish Republican military (I. R. A.) tactic. Governments often lend credibility to the terrorists' declare of legitimacy through no longer enforcing measures meant to extirpate them. often, democratic societies worry that inflexible keep watch over measures pose a danger to civil liberties. Reluctant to maneuver, a democracy is usually ham strung through terrorists bent on manipulating its values. A media crusade, meant to mobilize public opinion opposed to the terrorists and garner mass aid for the govt. and its keep watch over measures, is the linchpin of any antiterrorist crusade. Centralized intelligence-gathering is one other crucial part. Terrorism, while it turns into a typical crusade of bombings and different atrocities, isn't any longer an issue for simply the police and the military. the whole society is affected. for instance, all teams comprising the multi ethnic popu- vii viii PREFACE tion of Sri Lanka and South Africa are shortly uncovered to the phobia ist threat.
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Before the trial, one of the El Rukn's gang members entered into a plea agreement and became a key prosecution witness. He described details of an elaborate code used by his associates to disguise their conversations over the telephone. " Prosecutors identified the coordinator of the conspiracy as a person who had served time in a Texas prison on drug charges. While he was incarcerated, the inmate had made scores of telephone calls during a four-month period. Although none of the terrorist acts that were discussed in the taperecordings of these conversations actually occurred, federal authorities contended, however, that the contacts with the Libyans were initiated by the El Rukn's members.
It is anticipated that their forays into North America would continue to exhibit the same level of expertise and coordination. B. Moscow's hit teams are allegedly trained in the three S's: sanitization (deletion of information), sterilization (cleaning of equipment), and surgicaiizatioll ("taking someone out" without leaving telltale signs). " A 400-pound plus explosive charge demolished his Phalange party headquarters, removing any possible shred of evidence that could be used by investigators to identify the bombers.
B. ) said that East Europeans were actively involved in aiding those who were opposed to the United States. G. 7 According to Secretary of State George P. " William Casey, onetime director of central intelligence, called government-sponsored terrorism a new weapons system that obliterates the distinction between peace and war. According to the American intelligence chief, there were 50 major terrorist groups and hundreds of "mom-and-pop shops" of terrorists available for hire. Their training bases stretched out across, and under the protection of, Iran, Libya, Syria, Southern Yemen, Bulgaria, the Soviet Union, Romania, and Cuba.