By R. Hendrick
This e-book is predicated largely on fieldwork that I carried out in Brittany and Wales in 1983 and 1985. i'm grateful for a Fulbright Award for learn in Western Europe and a school improvement Award from the college of North Carolina that funded that fieldwork. lowe a much less tangible, yet no much less actual, debt to Steve Anderson, G. M. Awbery, Steve Harlow and Jim McCloskey whose paintings at the start sparked my curiosity, and led me to adopt this venture. i need to thank Joe Emonds and Alec Marantz who learn parts of bankruptcy three and five. i'm fairly thankful although to Kathleen Flanagan, Frank Heny and nameless referees who learn a dyslexic and schizophrenic manuscript, supplying me with criticisms that more advantageous this ultimate model significantly. The Welsh nationalist neighborhood in Aberstwyth and its Breton coun terpart in Quimper helped make the time I spent in Wales and Brittany effective. i'm indebted to Thomas Davies, Partick Favreau, Lukian Kergoat, Sue Rhys, John Williams and Beatrice between others for sharing their wisdom in their languages with me. Catrin Davies and Martial Menard have been in particular sufferer and worthwhile. with no their assistance this paintings may were infinitely poorer. i'm hopeful that this publication can assist stimulate extra curiosity within the Celtic languages and tradition, and support, even in a small method, these in Wales and Brittany who fight to maintain their language and tradition strong.
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Extra resources for Anaphora in Celtic and Universal Grammar
Yanni e skrivont dezhaii Ie]; PRT write-PRES-3PL to-3SNG-MASC They write to Yann. Here verbal agreement does not co-occur with a topic ali zed subject; prepositional agreement appears, however, when its object is fronted. I contend that this data is simply a reflection of the fact that overt AGR is required in (27) to insure the proper government of the trace functioning as the object of the preposition. 8 On the other hand, the trace in (26) can be antecedent governed by the complementizer a, and the A void Pronoun Principle will block the appearance of overt agreement.
Ac'hanon of me of me Neither form in (14) violates the generalization that lexically expressed NPs are in complementary distribution with agreement, and yet only (14b) is grammatical. I propose to derive these two generalizations about Breton agreement from two claims: (1) Breton has two kinds of AGR, formalizing the distinction between synthetic and analytic agreement patterns recognized in traditional studies; and (2) Chomsky's (1981) Avoid Pronoun Principle holds rigidly in the language and applies to agreement.
I preview the general line of that analysis in the following paragraphs. While affirmative sentences do not exhibit verbal agreement with a preverbal NP or pronoun, negative sentences do. (21) a. Me a zebr bara er gegin. I PRT eat-PRES bread in-the kitchen I eat bread in the kitchen. b. *Me a zebran bara er gegin. I PRT eat-PRES-lSNG bread in-the kitchen (22) a. Me ne zebran ket bara er gegin. 1 NEG eat-PRES-ISNG NEG bread in-the kitchen I don't eat bread in the kitchen zebr ket bara er gegin. b.