By Harold L. Drake (auth.), Harold L. Drake (eds.)
This is the 1st quantity to supply accomplished assurance of acetogenesis. prime specialists current cutting-edge learn, investigating the constitution and serve as courting of key acetogenic methods, together with synthesis of ATP, the conservation of power, and intersecting metabolic pathways. It explores the interactions among acetogenic micro organism and the circulate of topic and effort, giving the reader an built-in standpoint on acetogens and the surroundings. It offers landmark advances within the biochemistry, phylogeny, and molecular biology of acetogens, with lucid causes of history fabric, making this quantity available to newbies to the topic. It discusses varied features of acetogenesis in soils, and gastrointestinal tracts, in addition to present and strength advertisement and environmental purposes. This quantity will function a vast and in-depth evaluate of simple and rising matters in acetogenesis for microbiologists, molecular biologists, biochemists, and ecologists, and as a stimulus for destiny research.
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Extra info for Acetogenesis
The number of known acetogens has increased dramatically in recent years, a fact that illustrates the current interest level in this biological group. Acetogens can be found in almost all anaerobic environments, including some extreme habitats and, as indicated by the isolation of strain SSI (Liu and Sufiita, 1993), in deep subsurface sediments. The acetyl-CoA pathway was, in fact, resolved with a thermophile, and Chapters 15 and 16 in this book address the occurrence and activities of acetogens under extreme halophilic and low-temperature conditions.
Productus C. formicoaceticum C. thermoaceticum C. formicoaceticum C. thermoaceticum A. carbinolicum C. thermoaceticum C. aceticum C. thermoaceticum C. thermoaceticum C. magnum C. thermoaceticum Strain RMMacl (Manyacetogens) A. woodii A. woodii Strain SSl Strain MC C. thermoaceticum C. thermoaceticum C. thermoaceticum a No distinction is made (a) between acids and their dissociated salt forms or (b) between COz and its carbonate or bicarbonate forms. Although only one representative acetogen is listed per substrate, many acetogens may be capable of utilizing each substrate.
M, = 240,000) composed of D-mannosyluronic and L-galosyluronic acids; per unit uronic acid monomer, the homoacetogenic capacity of this organism is equivalent to the homoacetogenic capacities of glucose-utilizing acetogens such as C. , 1942) in that reductant is recovered stoichiometrically in acetate. Likewise, Eubacterium pectinii, also isolated from Mullet gut (Mountfort, 1992), ferments pectin (a polymer of D-galacturonic acid with M, ranging from 20,000 to 400,(00) stoichiometrically to acetate.