Download A manual of the Aramaic language of the Babylonian Talmud: by Max Margolis PDF

By Max Margolis

PREFACE way back to 18~4, Professor H~R,.'SANN L. S'l'RAClC, {If the college of Berlin 1 who ]la.d fa.vorably spotted my firEt tv-o guides, either facing t]1O textual ('riticism of the Talmud, suggeste(l to me the writing nf a piece to aU intents a.nd pnrposos related' to the vresent one. The plan used to be elahorMtell intimately, and 1 aetu<'llly 1907="" commenced="" work="" on="" u·="" number="" of="" larger="" texts.="" soon,="" however,="" i="" realized="" that="" with="" the="" meaus="" at="" my="" dis·="" posnl="" it="" ,vas="" impossible="" for="" me="" to="" arrive="" (l,="" satisfactory="" form="" text.="" lioreover,="" professional="" lying="" in="" other="" t1irections,="" was="" forced="" aba.ndoll="" tbe="" time="" being="" ;111="" t]lolight="" prosecuting="" this="" plan.="" vllcn="" jn="" autumn="" visited="" germany,="" prof.="" strack="" urged="" mc="" let="" go="" a="" while="" septua.gint="" studies="" and="" t.o="" resume="" tllat="" long="" neglect.ell.="" piece="" 'l'almudic="" work.="" 'vith="" aid="" .t="" u.dm(="" .="" se~l's="" :i;~n="" ;"1"ilrp,="" israt;.l="" ~hchels'r;d'l"s="" p~i'="" ",~,="" moyse="" scl
Table of Contents

CONTENTS; Grammar; advent (§ 1-3); The Aramaic Idiom of the Babylonian Talmud Its; position as a rule Aramaic ; Script and Orthography ; lIeans of }'ixing the V ccalization ; I Phonology (§ 4-7); The Consonants and their Cbanges · ·; The Vowels and their alterations · · · Syllabic Loss lack of Sounds via Col1ocation; of 'Vords within the Sentence ; The accessory · · ·; II Morphology (§ 8-41); A The Pronoun (§ 8-11); own Pronoun · ·; Demonstrative Pronoun; ReJative Pronoun · · · Interrogath'c Pronoun ·; B The Noun (§ 12-23); (a) The :8ominal Steme (§ 12-1S); · ·; · · ·; · · ·; ·; · · ·; IJnge; 1; three; 7; eight; 10; 15; 15; sixteen; 17; 18; IS; § 12 PrcJiolinary comments 19; § thirteen § 14 'l'riconsonanlal ~ominal Stems with Yowel Gr:lc13tion 22; § t five 'With the center Hadical Geminate 22; § sixteen, 'Vith Prefixcs '25; § 17, Plurieonsonantal Stems 25; § 18 Denominati"es shaped via me:lnS o~ Aftortnath-c8 2G; (b) Inflection (§ 19-22); § t nine Infleetiona} Endings , • , ,

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Extra resources for A manual of the Aramaic language of the Babylonian Talmud: grammar, chrestomathy and glossary

Example text

21. 24. nomina P Belongs perhaps st. d. (cf. With prefixes Tab. V, 16. p. 24). loci and instrument; 25. nomen a Stem and its Keflexive; 26. and 27. come is formed from the Causative Stem. actionis, actionis of the Intensive from the Hebrew; 28. 21. (mif al) is the form of the ! 17. || III. infin. of the Simple Stem. Plnriconsonantal Stems. 17. a. v), x>i:i; xT:m; f. xWtt, With dissimilation pV'p. (4A): vpnyn and 7"m, the and Kn^tB^W simplification may also pv (5rfp); take place at the end in front of the fern, ending: b.

In the case we are perhaps dealing with ancient by-forms. In the Talmud, idiom note Af el forms like p^OB^X by the side of of the nouns ; p^bBX, IS'HB'VK, l^S^, etc. Note 2. sn (xpbin), ",33^ (Tia' ^), etc. , and in the imperf. and T T infin. Pe al of i"is verbs (cf. 38). 1 ! Note 3. In using the table for words of more than two/? should be had in mind. The vowel of syllables, the following the open syllable next preceding the accented syllable suffers When then further back an open syllable with a long vowel precedes, a closed syllable is the result, in which the long reduction.

Otherwise the vowel might 7 xa be reduced after the manner of short vowels. ir&3(in^i2); biipFi (l=iBpin), iab (ixa^); ao^a, xea. ' Note XPJ^S^J (xn^xm), 'iift^ap. the meleg signifies: ,,so, against expectation". ^bpri (bnopipi), ^ss (i^is); a-in (a"nn), lass* (vwK), \\ (na'rn), para (p"ouj), ? sians ^snnx (-psnrpx), (ianna), XTUiab, SV^s, tnbap. *), 'in&t. With N, Cf. also xnaaia. it is as to read of correct ^ts. 3? in deference to the system; very likely, Blpa '^. I write however, the words were pronounced lifrukinnan, ninkutu.

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