By Nora C. England
This is often the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken this present day via over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the kingdom of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of intensive fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language relies at the dialect of Mam spoken by means of 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam in response to complementary rules: to investigate Mam following primarily conventional degrees of grammatical description and to offer fabric in one of these means that the history details precious for knowing every one subject of debate shall were formerly supplied. for this reason, England's research of the sound procedure and morphophonemic methods of Mam is by way of an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in interpreting a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's leading edge towards strengthening the ergative process. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is cutting edge, and for that reason it truly is uniquely attention-grabbing either traditionally and theoretically.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan language
3-12) Xwaan 'Juan' Liina 'Catarina' Wiit Miintz 'Mendez' 'Natividad' Patient 3. t-neej-a1 0-u1 aaj qo7-ya There are two different sets of non-verbal predicates--one 3s-FIRST-ord num 3sA-dir RETURN STATIVE/lpA-lp ex awtorisaa7ra-1 t-e AUTHORIZE-inf NON-VERBAL PREDICATES which has stative functions and the other which has locative komitee or existential functions. 2). kub' t-b'iyoo-n rec dir t-iib' xiinaq The structure of the two sets of non-verbal predicates is similar. 3sE-KILL-ap 3s-RN/refl MAN Each has a base which signals its type, to which is then added person markers which closely resemble the absolutive (Set B) 'The man killed himself.
Numbers are a subclass of adjectives which have a somewhat (3-17) focuses on position, or placing. of the object which has the characteristic of being fat. If a related adjective is used instead, the structure of the sentence is different different position in the noun phrase (chapter 5), The num ber one functions as an indefinite article, and the number 84 ROOTS AND WORDS ROOTS AND WORDS 85 two functions as an indefinite plural. The numbers in Mam are: roots which function as affect words with no derivation or inflection; other affect words are derived from positional juun 1 jun1aaj 11 wiinqan juun 21 and verb roots (see chapter 4).
Fix 69 just like other articles of clothing: n-paas-a 'my hat'. 6 'eat meat' There is a class of free noun roots which are never possessed 'fruit' 10k'ux- waa7-j because their referents are not considered possessable. 'eat fruit' k'ux-b'aj The common nouns in the class usually refer to natural phenomena. Examples: 'roasting ear' 'eat crunchy foods' 'corn and corn products' waa7- Never Possessed Nouns 'eat corn' L kya7j 'sky' che7w 'star' III! 7 Always Possessed Nouns t-qu1 k107j 'huipi1 neckline' (from qu1 'neck and k107j These are bound forms which are always possessed, usually and sometimes exclusively by a third person possessor.